Effective implication of local communities in the conservation of the African Manatee (Trichechussenegalensis) in the fauna reserve of Lake Ossa and Douala – Edea
Since the last decades, despite the lack of technical, financial and logistical support, efforts in research and conservation have demonstrated that the inferior Basin of the lower Sanaga river provides a sensitive habitat for a very high biodiversity and particularly that of the African manatee. Notwithstanding their high relative abundant number in the region, the population trend is today on the decline due to natural threats linked to human activity which includes habitat degradation, poaching and notably accidental captures that represent a major danger for young manatees. The ignorance of the location population coupled with the limited resources of the conservation enforcement agents are exacerbating the threat.
The principal objective of this project is to implicate the local community in the conservation of the African manatee and its habitat in the lower Sanga basin. To serve this goal, we shall (1) Reduce illegal poaching and accidental captures of manatees to at least 10\\% within in a year by reinforcing the continuing participative and collaborative monitoring of the sensitive habitat of the manatee in the Douala-Edea reserve and that of Lake Ossa, (2) Improve, diversify and secure alternative sustainable means for at least 50 fishermen of age 40 years and older, 60 women and 15 youths of the Dizangue and Mouanko communities and (3) Raise awareness among at least 2500 students, 600 fishermen, and 200 women of the Dizangue and Mouanko communities of the manatee conservation, its habitat and implicate them in the restoration of forested habitat from one project to another. This project will be implemented for a period of 18 months in the community of Dizangue and Mouanko principally situated in the department of Sanaga Maritime, Region of Littoral Cameroon.